The Benefit of ABA Therapy for Autism and More

The advantages of applied behavior analysis (ABA) therapy for autism treatment are applicable in many fields, from prison reform, social sciences, and more. 

ABA therapists attempt to dissect and study basic behaviors that are often taken for granted. As a result, this process provides valuable insight and encourages broad application in many environments

Components of ABA Therapy for Autism

Applied behavior analysis (ABA) therapy for autism is the gold standard for treatment. Not only is it effective for ASD, but its uses are practical for similar developmental disorders as well. 

The goal of ABA is to lower the frequency of negative behaviors and increase positive ones with various clinically-proven strategies. 

Furthermore, it’s essential to analyze behaviors as they occur to identify the:

  • Antecedent (the desired action)

  • Behavior itself

  • Consequence (the positive or negative response to the action)

This process is the ABC model of behavior modification. 

In addition to this model, these elements are central to any ABA therapy program for autism treatment:

  • Task analysis

  • Chaining

  • Prompting

  • Fading

  • Shaping

This article will look into these elements, as well as standard techniques used in ABA treatment

Task Analysis

Task analysis is the means of examining an antecedent’s parts to develop each aspect through new behavioral approaches.

A skill is simplified into individual steps, making it easier to distinguish weak points and proactively address them.

Chaining

Chaining refers to the process of dividing a skill into smaller components.

In addition to promoting learning and comprehension of desired behaviors, chaining works for almost any skill. 

Prompting

When a child with ASD struggles to perform a new behavior, prompting provides support for staying on track and avoiding a mistake. 

Prompting is beneficial for reducing the chance of “meltdowns” during learning, boosting the child’s self-esteem, and driving positive results.

Fading

Fading is the method of slowly removing prompts until the child completes the whole action without them. It prevents reliance on prompting and builds confidence to complete a skill without help. 

Shaping

Shaping uses positive reinforcement when a child shows positive efforts or succeeds in performing out the new behavior.

An essential aspect of this strategy is that for a reward to be given, the child’s improvement must be consistent. 

Strategic positive reinforcement promotes the desire for complete mastery of learned behavior.

ABA-therapy-for-autusm-child-in-white-long-sleeve-top-and-dungaree-trousers-playing-3661351

Photo by cottonbro from Pexels

 

Standard Techniques in ABA Therapy for Autism

There are many ways for therapists, parents, and teachers to implement ABA when teaching a child with ASD. 

Here are some of the most common techniques used in ABA therapy for autism.

Video Modeling

Video modeling gives a visual example with a form of video or display displaying the desired behavior or skill.

Visual Supports

Similarly to video modeling, visual supports use a visual cue, such as a photo, sign, or chart, to facilitate learning.

Differential Reinforcement of Alternative, Incompatible, or Other Behavior

Abbreviated as DRA, DRI, DRO, this method reinforces desired behaviors while ignoring incorrect or undesired ones.

Reinforcement is offered when the child:

  • Abstains from the problem behavior

  • Performs a distinct desired behavior besides the undesired behavior

  • Does an action that is physically impossible to do while performing the problem behavior

Exercise

Physical activity can be a great tool in ABA therapy for autism. Not only does it better a child’s physical fitness, but it also encourages desired behaviors and lowers undesired ones.

Functional Communication Training

FCT recognizes and develops easily actionable replacement behaviors that satisfy a problem behavior but is easier to perform.

Parent-Implemented Intervention

This technique involves parents adopting tailored intervention practices to reinforce positive learning possibilities in addition to learning critical developmental skills. 

Parents can learn to carry out these practices through a parent ABA training program.

ABA Therapy at Sandcastle Centers

Most private insurers are required to cover ABA services, and Medicaid must cover the cost of treatments deemed medically necessary for those under 21.

Additionally, military families with Tricare are also eligible for coverage.

So call or message us today to talk about ABA therapy and put your child on the path to a happy, independent life.

We have additional locations. Check out our ABA Center in Orlando and our autism therapy center in Pensacola.

Since we have this pandemic going on, you can also choose our other services such as ABA telehealth for families. Wherein you can seek professional treatment at the comfort of your own home. ABA telehealth therapy services ensure continuity of services, which is critical for families during this period of uncertainty. ABA telehealth is a great service to consider getting soon.

For more information and resources, check out our Blog!

Sources
  • “5 Applied Behavior Analysis Teaching Strategies.” Applied Behavior Analysis Programs Guide, www.appliedbehavioranalysisprograms.com/lists/5-applied-behavior-analysis-teaching-strategies/.
  • “Five Components of Applied Behavior Analysis.” ABA Degree Program Guide, www.abadegreeprograms.net/lists/five-components-of-aba/.
  • Pierce, Maegan. https://www.cigna.com/assets/docs/behavioral-health-series/autism/2017/autism-april-handout.pdf.